According to a study of 96 inmates in New Mexico, low activity in the impulse control region of the brain indicates an increased likelihood of recidivism. The Mind Research Network of Alburquerque, New Mexico, used functional MRI scans of inmates’ brains as the inmates completed a decision-making test. Controlling for other risk factors, the study found that inmates with low activity in the anterior cingulate cortex “were about twice as likely to be arrested for a felony within four years of release . . .” Although additional research is necessary “to measure the reliability of the scans,” neuroscientist Kent Kiehl predicts that future therapies could increase activity in anterior cingulate cortex and lower the incidence of recidivism.
Read more here.