Liver transplants are usually available for patients who are deemed the sickest on the national transplant waiting list. Currently, the United Network for Organ Sharing (“UNOS”), divides the country into 10 regional transplant boundaries. This means that sometimes geography, and not the severity of illness, determines the recipient of a liver. The Midwestern and the Southern regions have more organ donors per capita but less demand for transplants than people living in coastal regions. As a result, patients with “means” often avoid the wait in high demand regions by traveling to low demand regions, but the poor are left to wait. This has prompted UNOS to consider new regional boundaries which incorporate parts of high demand transplant regions into lower demand regions. Some lawmakers oppose this reorganization plan fearing that their regions will become “organ farms” for other parts of the country. They blame high demand on a failure to run effective grassroots campaigning to increase rates of donation.
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